Menstrual disorders are conditions affecting normal day to day life before and during menstruation. This includes very light or very heavy bleeding, fatigue, delayed periods, crampy pain, stress and mood swings due to hormonal changes.
What Causes Menstrual disorders?
There could be many factors which could cause menstrual disorders including:
- Weight issues
- Hormonal imbalances
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Blood clotting disorder
- Ovarian Tumors
- Uterine fibroids/swelling of uterus(adenomyosis)
- Other diseases
What are the symptoms of menstrual disorders?
The symptoms that show the disorder include:
- Pain in breasts
- Hair loss
- Access acne
- Abnormal menstrual bleeding
- Pain or cramping
- Emotional distress
- Bloating or fullness in the belly
These symptoms should not be neglected. Proper consultation can relieve the suffering.
How can the menstrual disorders be diagnosed?
Past menstrual history, family history, information of past diseases and medication are necessary to be provided to the doctor for a proper diagnosis. Understanding these conditions, the doctors may suggest the following tests:
- Hormonal tests
- Sonography or Ultrasound
- Blood tests
- Hysteroscopy, in which a telescope is inserted through the vagina into the uterus to diagnose specific conditions
- Dilatation and curettage (D&C) in which the uterus lining is scrapped to control heavy bleeding
- Endometrial biopsy in which sample of the lining of the uterus is removed and sent for microscopic analysis to find out abnormality in cells
What are the treatments of Menstrual Disorders?
The treatment depends on the cause. The various options include
Lifestyle changes: Certain diet changes and physical activity could help relieve from many symptoms. Having a healthy lifestyle makes changes in body that prevent such conditions to emerge.
Medical treatment: Certain medication helps to reduce the symptoms and relieve the distress. The medications could be given for pain, cramps and even to control the bleeding.
Surgical treatment: Surgery is the last used option for the treatment. Dilatation and curettage is one of them. Sometimes, in some major conditions (like tumor or fibroids) even the full uterus needs to be removed.
Some menstrual disorders might cause issues in pregnancy and adequate diagnosis and treatment is necessary.
Contact Dr Leena Patil (MBBS, MS – Obstetrics & Gynaecology) for the best treatments for all gynecological problems.
Dr Leena Patil has over 10 years of experience in fields like Dysmenorrhea Treatment, High-Risk Pregnancy Care, Infertility Evaluation / Treatment, Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation and Gynaec Problems and more.